October 15, 2019 | by: Dasslin Corral
In the business sector, one promising component of the Industry 4.0 is the cloud-connected Internet of Things (IoT) on devices and software.
There is no doubt that Iot is increasingly influencing the way people run businesses. In fact, a recent survey of Gartner reveals that 11% of CIOs in Southeast Asia perceives IoT their ‘top game-changing technology.’
The ability of IoT to incorporate data collected from a physical device with the human insight drives better business decisions.
But more than data collection, IoT is leading the age of connectivity – an inter-networking architecture enabled by a stack of technology that provides seamless connectivity between the physical and virtual objects anytime and anywhere by anyone and anything.
With this innovation brought by IoT, estimately 26 billion devices worldwide are expected to be connected by the end of 2019. Hence, 85% of companies now are implementing or planning IoT deployment to keep up with such advancement.
Given IoT connectivity in organizations, are there any standards set in implementing it to other technological spheres?
Dominant standards in IoT connectivity among organizations are more focused on stakeholder’s value – technical advantages and reducing costs. Such standards not just allow easy adoption, but also a rapid roll-out and scale-up of devices in their enterprises.
Deploying IoT solutions in organizations
In considering connectivity for IoT, effective solutions organizations may use are categorized into: unlicensed, low-power wide area (LPWA), cellular, and extraterrestrial.
Enterprises should be cautious in choosing the right solutions for their organizations as these categories all have unique requirements for bandwidth, range, and other connectivity features; including its assets and flaws.
Solutions not exclusively accredited by a certain company are unlicensed solutions which allow businesses to manage their own networks, rather than relying on a mobile operator to do so. Though inexpensive, these solutions are vulnerable to interference from electrical or environmental obstacles.
Aside from unlicensed ones, another low-cost solution companies may consider is LPWA. These technologies operate for years and deliver at least 500 meters of signal range from the gateway device to the end point.
On the contrary, cellular connectivity is associated with a high-cost technology yet the most reliable and available solution.
For instance, unlicensed technologies are unreliable, while cellular technologies are expensive and cannot last for multiple years on a single charge – then comes LPWA which fills an unmet need in IoT connectivity.
Lastly, in cases where cellular and fiber options are not feasible, IoT stakeholders resorts to extraterrestrial connectivity which covers satellite and other microwave technologies.
With all the solutions presented, how can deployment of these IoT solutions impact the organization? Providing end-to-end IoT connectivity can be complicated as it requires multiple vendors and companies may find that they need different solutions for their potential use cases.